The Turkish textile machinery industry has managed to increase its global export share every year. According to the distribution of 2019, our country, which ranks 10th among textile machinery exporter countries, has a share of 2.9 percent of the total. In 2020, textile machinery and accessories manufacturers exported 74.1 percent of their production to target markets.
The Textile Machinery and Accessories Industrialists Association (TEMSAD), which has been serving in our country for 22 years in representing the textile machinery industry, unifies 85 percent of the sector companies under its roof with 211 members. All of these companies, which produce textile machinery, spare parts, and textile chemicals, consist of local manufacturers. In addition, almost all of the members are exporter companies. In addition, 20 members have an R&D center and four members have a design center within their body.
The companies, which carried out an export volume amounting to 800 million US Dollars by the end of 2019, have a very large production area in the field of textile machinery. Looking at TEMSAD’s member profile, 33 percent of the manufacturers produce textile dyeing and finishing machines, and 24 percent manufacture spare parts for all kinds of textile machinery.
Turkey holds a significant share of the world’s market, especially in the dyeing and finishing machinery fields. About 80 percent of last year’s 800 million US Dollar export volume is made up of dye and finishing machines. In addition to this, together with the production and export of spare parts, production and exports are also carried out in the fields of yarn, knitting, printing, and apparel, albeit in limited capacities.
Turkey among the Countries That Increased Exports
The total textile machinery exports in the world amounted to 27 billion US Dollars in 2019. In 2019, the demand for textile machinery decreased globally and many of the leading exporter countries experienced losses in their exports. In response, far eastern exporters such as China and Japan were observed to increase their textile machinery exports despite the global contraction. Likewise, the Turkish textile machinery sector has been among the countries that have increased their exports.
In addition, the Turkish textile machinery industry has managed to increase its global export share every year. According to the distribution of 2019, our country, which ranks 10th among textile machinery exporter countries, has a share of 2.9 percent of the total. Thus, in all sub-product groups in the Turkish machinery industry, the sector with the highest export share in its field became the Turkish textile machinery sector.
When looked at on an annual basis, it can be deduced that Turkey has achieved the success of increasing its exports in every period. The Turkish textile machinery sector, which experiences an average export increase of 20 percent each year, experienced a 7 percent decrease in its exports in 2020 as a result of the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic outbreak affecting all sectors all over the world. The expected export loss by the end of 2020 was estimated to be 7 percent and 740 million US Dollars compared to 2019.
Considering the export figures announced by European textile machinery representatives (such as VDMA, ACIMIT), it was observed that they experienced an export loss in the range of 25 percent to 30 percent in 2020.
Compared to the loss of textile machinery exports in Europe, Turkish textile machinery exporters have experienced a fairly reasonable loss of exports with 7 percent considering the pandemic conditions. Despite the difficult conditions imposed by the pandemic outbreak, export increases were also seen in some of the target markets. Textile machinery and components manufacturers exported 74.1 percent of their production to target markets.
The top 5 countries to which manufacturers export the most in 2020 are as follows: Uzbekistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Iran, and Egypt.
The Turkish textile machinery industry, which has increased its exports every year since 2001, has experienced an export loss of approximately 7 percent this year for the first time due to the effect of Covid-19 pandemic outbreak.
Recent Developments in Textile Machinery Imports
Textile machinery imports, which amounted to 1.2 billion US Dollars in 2019, are expected to be achieved 1.8 billion US Dollars at the end of the year, with an average increase of 50 percent in 2020, in direct proportion to the textile investments in our country.
The ranking of the top five countries that Turkey imported textile machinery from in 2020 was as follows: China, Germany, Italy, Belgium, and Japan.
For the first time, China has surpassed European countries and became the first country to import from. Considering the product details, it was observed that China increased the import share in our country in almost every textile machinery product group.
In 2020, the most imported products compared to the previous year, in order of their imported volume were fiber preparation/spinning machines, knitting machines, and weaving machines. Despite the pandemic outbreak, it was determined that there was an increase in imports of over 100 percent in these products.
Although imports of textile machinery have increased in 2020 due to investments, the rate of domestic textile machinery usage has increased slightly compared to previous years. However, unfortunately, local manufacturers also faced difficulties due to reasons such as zeroing the tax rates of imported machines with investment incentive certificates, and not getting sufficient support for financing domestic machinery preferences. In addition, it is also a very important concern for the industry of our country to prevent the foreign brand product obsession or perception by textile industrialists against the products of domestic producers who develop technology at a competitive level with the world and increase their share in the world textile markets every year.
Roadmap in Exports
One of the important factors that led to a regular increase in the exports of the textile machinery industry every year is that it closely follows the global textile industry trends and regional opportunities. With the advantages of having cooperation agreements with textile institutions of 18 different countries, TEMSAD had the opportunity to introduce our country’s textile machinery industry in the important markets of the world.
In this context, it is aimed to develop new collaborations, to increase the activities in geographies where textile investments are expected to expand, and to carry out intensive promotional activities with members in these regions. As can be followed from global figures and research reports, there is a rising trend in textile production in African and South American countries. It is among TEMSAD’s goals to increase its export share every year through a holistic vision that includes these geographies. The association’s near-term export target is to increase our export volume to over 1 billion US Dollars.
TEMSAD also expected to take part in technology transformation trends in the global textile machinery sector in the coming period. In the coming period, when sensitivities in water consumption are increasing and environmental impacts are more at the forefront, the development of appropriate technologies will become important for all manufacturers.
Importance of Medical Products in Pandemic Period
The Covid-19 pandemic, which spread rapidly in the world and in our country, adversely affected all sectors, but nevertheless, opened doors to new production areas. In this troublesome period, our country has achieved a very strong adaptation in the production of protective masks, which are among the most needed medical products.
It has been observed that important companies operating in the textile industry can produce nonwoven fabrics required for medical products to a significant extent. In addition, spunbond and meltblown fabrics, which are used in the manufacturing of high filtering masks such as N-95 are also produced in our country, especially in regions such as Istanbul, Gaziantep, and Kahramanmaraş.
Mask productions have gained importance in the current pandemic period and many new companies, as well as companies that have been producing in this field for many years, have started to produce masks. Many mask production machinery has imported to our country to increase the manufacturing capacities of these companies and many of these machines have been brought from China.
Domestically produced machines, the equivalents of mask machines imported at prices much above normal market values (machines worth 30,000-40,000 US Dollars, imported for 100,000 US Dollars), also gained importance.
It was determined that there were 40 companies, which manufactured mask production machines including TEMSAD members. Machines capable of manufacturing protective masks, automatic or semi-automatic, were produced in a short time in our country and presented to both the domestic and international markets.